# Heat and Thermodynamcs

Student Learning Objectives
Lessons / Lecture Notes
Important Equations
Example Problems
Applets and Animations

Student Learning Objectives

• To begin the process of understanding the concept of heat.
• To understand how heat is transferred between objects by the different means of conduction, convection, and radiation.
• To understand thermal expansion.
• To understand two important consequences of heat transfer - temperature change and phase change.
• To learn how heat is related to temperature change through specific heats and molar specific heats.
• To solve basic calorimetry problems involving heat transfer between systems.
• To understand energy conservation as expressed in the first law of thermodynamics.
• To use the micro/macro connection to predict the molar specific heats of gases and solids.
• To obtain a qualitative understanding of entropy, the second law of thermodynamics, and some of the implications of the second law.
• To understand the thermodynamics of the four basic processes of an ideal gas.
• To understand the concept of entropy and how it places a fundamental limit on efficiencies.
• To understand the physics of simple heat engines and refrigerators.
• To learn that there is a limit to the efficiency of a heat engine.

Lessons / Lecture Notes

PY105 Notes from Boston University (algebra-based):

Physics 2B notes from Dr. Bobby W.S. Lau (algebra-based)

HyperPhysics (calculus-based)

Physics 4C notes from Dr. Bobby W.S. Lau (calculus-based)

Important Equations (for algebra-based Physics)

Example Problems

Example Problems for algebra-based physics (from College Physics 2nd Edition by Knight, Jones, and Field):

Example Problems (Using Energy and Thermal Properties)
Solutions to Example Problems (Using Energy and Thermal Properties)

Example Problems for calculus-based physics (from Fundamentals of Physics 9th Edition by Halliday, Resnick, and Walker):

Example Problems (Temperature, Heat, and First Law) | Example Problems (Kinetic Theory) | Example Problems (Entropy and Second Law of Thermo)
Solutions to Example Problems (Temperature, Heat, and First Law) | Solutions to Example Problems (Kinetic Theory) | Solutions to Example Problems (Entropy)

Applets and Animations